Psychology is a broad area that encompasses a number of specialized fields, including clinical, counseling and school psychology. Read on to learn about a few of the different psychology fields in which you could specialize. Schools offering .
The study of the mind and behavior is called psychology. The general goal of psychology is to identify patterns or issues within a person's mental processes. When this is achieved, you can resolve problems that are interfering with patients' lives or better understand human interactions and actions.
Psychology encompasses a number of fields, each of which yields its own challenges and opportunities on the academic and professional levels. If you study psychology, you'll probably choose a specialization while pursuing an advanced degree. If you're looking to work as a professional psychologist in one of the three fields listed below, then you'll need either a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree in psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) degree.
Clinical psychology involves diagnosing the mental health of medical patients, recommending medications and providing therapy. Clinical psychologists may treat serious psychological conditions, such as schizophrenia and depression. Clinical psychologists may further specialize in areas like neuropsychology, health psychology or child psychology. Clinical psychology work is often conducted in medical settings, where you collaborate with medical staff to design behavior modification programs and therapeutic plans for patients.
Counseling psychology deals with diagnosing and treating the mental and emotional issues of individuals or groups of patients. Counseling psychology often deals with afflictions related to stress, including factors that are work-related, social or familial in nature. Counseling psychology professionals often work in private or group practices, hospitals or clinics. In such settings, they provide therapeutic advice on how to deal with stress and anxiety.
School psychology applies psychological concepts to educational settings. You'll partner up with teachers and school administrators to create and implement behavior management programs and lesson plans. One of the main goals of school psychology is to help create positive learning environments for all students. As a school psychologist, you'll also help school administrators formulate programs to help meet the needs of various types of students, including those who are disabled or gifted.
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